I presented at a Savvy CEO networking meeting on October 18, 2013, the purpose of which was to educate small business owners of the differences between volunteers, interns, independent contractors, and employees. The following information was presented:
WHAT IS A VOLUNTEER?
A volunteer is an "individual who performs hours of service for a public agency for civic, charitable, or humanitarian reasons, without promise, expectation or receipt of compensation for services rendered." 29 Code of Federal Regulations ("CFR") §§ 553.101(a) and 553.104(a). The volunteer must offer his or her services "freely and without pressure or coercion, direct or implied from an employer." 29 CFR § 553.101(c). This means that a for-profit business cannot ask a student to "volunteer" to work for it.